Prostate cancer, (prostate carcinoma), is a disease appearing in men when cells in the tissues of the prostate multiply uncontrollably. The ensuing mass becomes a cancerous tumor.
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Lacking a definitive cause, prostate cancer's origin remains unclear. However, there is general agreement among experts that diet is an important element and somehow carries a role in prostate cancer's development.
There are additional risk factors that contribute to the chances a man will develop prostate cancer. These risks include, but are not limited to:
Some precautions that men may use to deter development of prostate cancer include practicing the following:
In the early and mid-stages, prostate cancer has virtually no symptoms. Late stage prostate cancer has many of the same symptoms associated with BPH (enlarged prostrate) and may be coincidental with co-occurring presence of BPH. These symptoms include:
A digital rectal examination initially discovers growth possibly related to prostate cancer. Next, a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test measures the levels of PSA in the blood. Increased PSA levels can assist in diagnosing prostate cancer, however, the presence of increased PSA levels is associated with BPH, or enlarged prostate, a non-cancerous condition. Therefore, the new method using biomarkers from urine and blood is a far more definitive diagnostic tool used to detect prostate cancers. The two numbers from blood and urine are called a Gleason score.
The best course of treatment is determined by a targeted biopsy. Using MRI and PET images, the specific prostate areas are identified for biopsy. Treatment may include one or more of a wide range of options. These include therapeutic assistance and interventions that may include robotic and/or standard surgery, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, high intensity focused ultrasound, active monitoring, and medication.
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